Ailments & Remedies

Ailments List

Sciatica

 

Overview

Sciatica or Sciatic Neuritis is not a diseases but a set of symptoms caused by pressure or irritation in the nerve roots or in the sciatica nerve itself. Pressure on the nerve leads to intense pain in the legs, buttocks, lower back and foot. It may be accompanied by weakness, numbness, tingling and difficulty in moving the leg. 

 

Causes

Sciatica may develop because of a herniated disc in the lower back, degenerative joint disease, pressure on the sciatica nerve itself or affected nerve roots due to a narrowing in the lower spinal area. Spinal tumours, spinal injury or trauma which affects the lumbar and sacral nerves and injury to the sciatic nerve could be other factors responsible for this condition. Advancing age, sedentary lifestyle, occupational hazards (like carrying heavy loads for a long period) and diabetes might make a person more susceptible to develop sciatica. Other reasons could be obesity, over exertion, poor posture, fractures, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis and spinal cord or pelvic infections.

 

Symptoms

The hallmark symptom of sciatica is pain that may be a mild ache, a deep and severe pain or a burning sensation that radiates from the lower back to the buttock and down the back of the leg. Lower back pain, leg pain, buttock pain and thigh pain can be the most familiar symptoms. A person may experience agonizing discomfort especially when sitting for prolonged periods. There could be numbness, tingling or a pins and needles feeling along the nerve pathway in the leg to the foot. Loss of bladder or bowel control may also happen in exceptional cases. For some people, the sciatica pain may feel like an electric shock or a jolt and the pain could be felt more while laughing, sneezing or coughing. Muscle weakness along the leg might be another common symptom that could lead to difficulty in movement. Bending backward may result in the worsening of the painful symptoms and some people can also find it troublesome to bend forward.

 

Diagnosis

The doctor will carefully ask the patient about the medical history and do a thorough physical examination. Accurate information and description of the symptoms as given by the patient can help the doctor in making a diagnosis. The doctor may also make the patient undergo some basic muscle tests to check the muscle strength and reflexes. Imaging studies to further evaluate the condition can also be recommended.

 

Treatment

Various complementary and alternative therapies can help improve the symptoms and treat the condition. Advice should be sought from a qualified practitioner for treatment options.



Common Remedies

Follow us on Twitter

tl   tr
   
bl   br
search
specialising in
location
within