Ailments & Remedies

Ailments List

Autism

 

Overview

Autism is a brain disorder that affects children before the age of three years. It is marked with impaired communication and social interaction though the children look normal. They have peculiar food cravings, and behaviour such as flapping hands, head banging, self injury with compulsive and unvarying ritualistic behaviour patterns. 

 

Causes

The causes of autism are still in the research stages. Research from MRI studies shows that many major brain structures are involved in autism. Research suggests that genetic factors and the role of neuro transmitters such as serotonin and others play a major part in the cause of autism. Anatomical abnormalities seen in autism are caused by genetic defects in brain growth factors. It may be possible that sudden rapid head growth in an infant may be an early warning signal that could lead to an early diagnosis. 

 

Symptoms

Autism may be defined as a set of certain behaviours which can range from mild to severe levels. The following indicators may be considered for autism;

  1. A child might not babble, point or make meaningful gestures by one year of age
  2. A child might not speak a single word by 16 months
  3. A child may not combine two words by two years of age
  4. A child may not respond to name

 

Other likely indicators are poor eye contact, impaired hearing and inability to smile. The child may not know how to play with toys or may be attached to one particular toy or object. Children with autism seem to have difficulty in learning to engage in normal behaviour like responding to sound and they may often seem to prefer to be alone. The child could resist attention and may accept affection like hugging and cuddling passively. The child can be slow in learning to interpret what others are thinking or feeling. Some may not be able to regulate their emotions which may result in immature behaviour in class or home and at times, they may become aggressive and lose control. Due to lack of communication skills, they might be at a loss to let others know their needs. There could be repetitive behaviour from the child and the child could become obsessive about certain things.

 

Diagnosis

The parents are the key factor in the evaluation of the child as they are the ones who will inform the doctor about the developmental drawbacks and changes in the child. The parents may have to fill up special questionnaires. After a certain stage, the diagnosis may be done by a specialist group of doctors who may recommend further tests. 

 

 

Treatment

A doctor may recommend special programmes for the children and the parents. If the child is young, the doctor advises the parents to study the programme and implement it at home. For older children, the doctor suggests special care centres which have teachers with special skills to handle autistic children. The doctor in some cases may prescribe certain medication after thorough evaluation.

 

Various complementary and alternative therapies can help improve the symptoms and treat the condition. Advice should be sought from a qualified practitioner for treatment options.



Common Remedies

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