Ailments & Remedies

Ailments List

Cough

Overview

Cough is an involuntary and defensive reflex that clears up the breathing passages from microbes, irritants, allergens and excess secretions. It happens in 3 phases – inhalation, forced breathing out with a sudden release of air from the lungs as the obstruction is removed leading to a distinctive sound. Coughs can be classified into two categories – acute and chronic.

 

Causes

Cough may be caused by viral infections of the upper respiratory tract. Environmental allergens can also cause cough in a person. Lung conditions including asthma and bronchitis might result in a chronic cough. Sometimes acid reflux may also cause an irritation and produce cough. Certain kinds of medications used to treat other health conditions, smoking, dust, pets, plants, cleaning agents and room deodorizers may be other causes. 

 

Symptoms

Symptoms of a cough can be fever, sore throat, chills, nausea, vomiting, headache and body aches. A person having an infection can be wheezing or coughing up phlegm. Night sweats, runny nose, sinus problems and in some cases weight loss or loss of appetite can be considered as other symptoms of a cough.

 

Diagnosis

The doctor will make a diagnosis of the cough after noting down the symptoms and the medical history of the patient. The information provided by the patient helps the doctor in making an accurate evaluation of the condition. The doctors can also do a physical examination to aid them in making a diagnosis and they can also prescribe some tests that the patient has to undergo to determine the suspected source of cough.  Allergy testing may be done to determine the allergens that could be the triggers of a cough.

 

Treatment

The doctor may give a prescription for cough medicines and also give antibiotics in case of infection. Various alternative and complementary therapies can help improve the symptoms and treat the condition. Advice should be sought from a qualified practitioner for treatment options.



Common Remedies

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