Ailments & Remedies

Ailments List

Glaucoma

 

Overview

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that are caused by damaged optic nerve with loss of retinal cells. Glaucoma is a type of optic neuropathy, where the cells of the optic nerves are damaged beyond repair, resulting in near or total loss of vision. Unbalanced intraocular pressure causes glaucoma.

 

Causes

A number of conditions can trigger pressure that can lead to nerve damage that destroys sight.  The damage to the optic nerve in glaucoma is mostly caused by excessive pressure on the optic nerve, resulting in damage over time.  Some people are at a higher risk than others for glaucoma. The risk factors could be advancing age, heredity, diabetes, migraine, eye injury, near sightedness and farsightedness. 

 

There are some syndromes with mostly inherited component have been identified with glaucoma.  Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is the most common condition associated with glaucoma.  This condition is caused when dandruff like component flakes off the outer layer of the lens and collects in the drainage angle. This usually has a strong genetic component but other factor such as sunlight or a virus may be needed to trigger the disease.

 

Symptoms

People with glaucoma can experience a significant vision loss. As the optic nerve fibers are damaged, tiny blind spots may develop at the vision periphery and there could be gradual vision deterioration. Blurred vision, sensitivity to light, severe eye pain, headache, nausea and vomiting can be other symptoms. Sometimes a sudden loss of side vision may occur in few people. A stinging sensation or a redness of the eye with changes in the breathing patterns or the pulse rate might be considered as other symptoms of glaucoma.

 

Diagnosis

The doctor takes a detailed medical history and also the family history of the patient. After doing a physical examination, the doctor may suggest some tests that the patient has to undergo in order to make an accurate diagnosis. The tests generally help the doctor to evaluate the extent of nerve damage and the visual field loss.

 

Treatment

The doctor will recommend oral medication or eye drops to treat this condition. If the problem is severe, then the doctor can suggest surgery as a treatment option.

 

Various alternative and complementary therapies can help improve the symptoms and treat the condition. Advice should be sought from a qualified practitioner for treatment options.



Common Remedies

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