Ailments & Remedies

Ailments List

Haemorrhoids

Haemorrhoids are the inflammation of the veins and small blood vessels of the rectum and anus. It forms pockets of cushioned tissues around the anus and are painful and red. Acute haemorrhoids can bleed. These are mainly caused by long periods of standing or sitting, strained bowel movement, low fibre content in the diet and poor blood circulation.

 

Haemorrhoids are also known as piles and are part of the regular human anatomy of the anal canal. They become a condition when swollen, bleeding or inflamed. In their regular natural state they act as cushions made of little veins and connective tissue that help the passage of stool. The symptoms of pathological haemorrhoids depends on the type.

 

Internal haemorrhoids occur inside the rectum and are usually accompanied by painless rectal bleeding. The blood covers the stool, this condition is known as hematochezia. At some point they might protrude outside through the anus.

External haemorrhoids occur at the end of the anal canal, in the anus area and are accompanied by pain caused by swelling or lumps around the anus.

 

Many different factors, in many cases due to unhealthy lifestyle, may lead to the formation of haemorrhoids. These include irregular bowel habits like constipation or diarrhoea, poor or inadequate levels or physical exercise, gravity, poor or inadequate nutrition (especially low-fibre diets), increased intra-abdominal pressure (prolonged straining), pregnancy, genetics, absence of valves within the haemorrhoidal veins, ageing, obesity, and sitting for too long periods of time.

 

During pregnancy, internal pressure from the foetus on the abdomen and changes in hormones levels can cause the haemorrhoidal vessels to enlarge. Delivery also leads to increased intra abdominal pressures due to long straining. Surgical treatment is rarely needed as symptoms usually resolve after the delivery.

 

The best way to prevent haemorrhoids is to maintain stools hydrated and soft so that  they can pass easily, thus decreasing internal pressure and straining. It is also recommended to empty bowels as soon as possible after the urge occurs. Regular exercise, even if gentle like walking, and increased levels of  water and fibre in the diet help reduce constipation and straining by producing stools that are softer and easier to pass. It may help also to spend less time attempting to defecate and avoid reading while on the toilet.

 

Treatment mainly consists of increasing fibre intake, oral fluids to maintain hydration, analgesics, medicated baths and rest. Surgery may be necessary for sufferers who still don't improve following these measures.



Common Remedies

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