Ailments & Remedies

Ailments List

Jaundice

 

Overview

Jaundice is a defect of the liver leading to a high level of bilirubin in the blood stream. This leaves the skin and the whites of the eyes yellowish. It is caused by over production of bilirubin by the liver or blockage in the flow of bile to the intestines from the liver. The inability to remove the bilirubin from the blood leads to Jaundice.

 

Causes

Jaundice is caused when the normal bilirubin metabolism and/or excretion are disturbed. Conditions like malaria, thalassemia, or autoimmune disorders cause a very rapid breakdown of red blood cells and the liver’s ability to remove the excess bilirubin is compromised, which can lead to jaundice. In problems like hepatitis, cirrhosis or cancer, the liver is mostly unable to properly metabolie and excrete the bilirubin, causing jaundice. An obstruction in the normal drainage of the bile from the liver to the intestines can also lead to jaundice. This could happen due to the presence of gall stones in the bile duct, strictures of the bile duct, pancreatitis, pregnancy, cancer or congenital malformations.  Generally an improper flow of blood in the liver, tuberculosis, yellow fever, anemia, typhoid, viral infections may also be responsible for this ailment. 

 

Symptoms

There are a large number of symptoms associated with this condition. Fatigue, constipation, a feeling of confusion, headache, loss of appetite, yellow discolouration of skin and eyes, nausea, vomiting, fever, itching and a dull pain in the abdominal region are to mention a few. A person may also have a bitter taste in the mouth, light coloured stool, dark coloured urine, swelling of the legs and abdomen and a slow pulse. In the case of newborn jaundice, the baby might have seizures and there could be high pitched crying, poor feeding and changes in the muscle tone.

 

Diagnosis

The doctor will primarily do a physical examination of the patient and note down the medical history together with the signs and symptoms of the patient’s illness. The doctor will also suggest a few tests and imaging studies that the patient will have to undergo to exactly determine the cause of jaundice.

 

Treatment

For treating this ailment, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics, steroids, antiviral medications, blood transfusions or IV fluids in case of dehydration to control the problem. Surgery in certain cases may be recommended by the doctor (eg. removal of gallstones blocking the bile duct).

 

Various complementary and alternative therapies can help improve the symptoms and treat the condition. Advice should be sought from a qualified practitioner for treatment options.



Common Remedies

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