Ailments & Remedies

Ailments List

Migraine

 

Overview

Migraine is a pulsating or throbbing heavy headache which may be accompanied by intense nausea, vomiting, depression, sensitivity to smell, light and sound. Women are more prone to migraine attacks and the exact cause is not known.

 

Causes

Many environmental and physiological factors can trigger migraine in a person. Emotional and physical stress, alcohol, smoke, odours, sleep disturbances, hormones, contraceptive pills and certain kinds of food like cheese, chocolate or caffeine can be some of the triggers. Migraines might also occur as a symptom of some other health disorders. Other triggers that might lead to this condition can be a previous head injury, anxiety, physical exertion, fatigue or drugs. When an imbalance occurs in the level of brain chemicals, a person is likely to get a throbbing, pounding or a pulsating headache. Alterations in weather with high or low humidity levels and changes in the air pressure may make some people susceptible to migraine attacks. People with a family history of migraine, women and those younger than 40 years of age might be more prone to migraine attacks.

 

Migraines in women can often be hormonal migraines related to their monthly period. True menstrual migraines occur within two days either before or after the first day of the monthly period and at no other time.

 

Symptoms

A heavy headache is the most common symptom of a migraine. The person may have pain on both sides of the head or only on one side. People may also show symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, sensitivity to light and sound, irritability, depression and general uneasiness. Changes in the mood and craving for specific foods as well as a feeling of thirst or drowsiness can be other symptoms of a migraine attack.

 

Diagnosis

The doctor will be most likely to diagnose the condition of migraine based on the family history, medical history and a physical examination of the patient. The doctor can also recommend a variety of tests to rule out other possible health conditions.

 

Treatment

Various complementary and alternative therapies can help improve the symptoms and treat the condition. Advice should be sought from a qualified practitioner for treatment options.



Common Remedies

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