Ailments & Remedies

Ailments List

Tuberculosis

An infectious disease, Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. It primarily affects the lung tissue but can also affect the gastrointestinal system, circulatory system, lymphatic nodes, bones, skin and joints. The most common symptoms in  people affected by this disease include chest pains, prolonged cough, fever, chills, loss of appetite, fatigue and night sweats.

 

The diagnosis is based on radiology like chest X-rays, on the tuberculin skin test, on blood tests as well as microscopic examination and microbiological culture of bodily fluids. Treatment is prolonged and difficult requiring long courses of multiple antibiotics. Resistance to antibiotics is an emerging and developing problem in multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis. Prevention relies on screening programs and vaccination.

 

It is estimated that a third of the world's population is infected with tuberculosis. The percentage of people who become sick with tuberculosis each year is stable or falling worldwide but, because of population growth, the absolute number of new cases is still rising. In addition, more people in the developed world are contracting tuberculosis as their immune system is compromised by immunosuppressive drugs, substance abuse, or AIDS.

 

Humans have been affected by tuberculosis since ancient times. The earliest confirmed identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was found in the remains of a bison dated 16,000 years BC.  It is still unncertain whether tuberculosis originated in cattle and was then transmitted to humans, or came from a common ancestor infecting a different species. Tubercular decay has been also found in the spines of Egyptian mummies.

 

In the past, tuberculosis has been called consumption as it seemed to consume people from within with bloody cough, fever, pallor, and long relentless wasting.



Common Remedies

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